IJSGCE 2023 Vol.12(3): 39-51 DOI: 10.12720/sgce.12.3.39-51

Improved Energy Management through Doppler Radar Smart Occupancy Sensing

Ryan L. Neville 1*, Farjana Snigdha 2, Shekh MM Islam 3, Khaldoon Ishmael 4, Miles Topping 4, Victor Lubecke 4, Olga-Boric Lubecke 4

1 United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, USA
2 MKS Instruments, Rochester, New York, USA
3 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4 University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
* Corresponding author. email: ryan.neville@westpoint.edu

International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 12, no. 3, 2023: pp. 39-51
Submitted January 10, 2023; revised May 8, 2023; accepted June 10, 2023; published July 3, 2023.

Full Paper.pdf

This paper discusses the complex problem of measuring occupancy to better manage large buildings and their energy consumption profiles and explores ways that occupancy has been measured in the past. The paper then explores a novel way of measuring occupancy using a Doppler radar based occupancy sensor, TruePODS, to detect human presence, and the greater implications that this technology provides. As a proof of concept, six TruePODS modules were deployed in a single building on a university’s campus over a period of six months. This paper details this case study and the methods used to empirically collect occupancy data for energy management. This paper concludes with exploring why Doppler technology could provide the answer to creating a high-resolution smart occupancy sensor that would be necessary to meet local and global energy efficiency goals.

Smart buildings, energy management, doppler radar

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Copyright © 2023 International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, All Rights Reserved