The design of a novel smart home control system using a smart grid based on edge and cloud computing

Author(s): Mais Nijim, Divya Ballampalli
Texas A&M University Kingsville, 700 University Blvd., Kingsville 78363, USA
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 11, no. 2, April 2022: pp. 57-71
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.11.2.57-71

Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoTs) has transpired as a fascinating technology for smart cities, smart homes, and smart grids using a vast amount of IoT data. A smart grid is one of the core components where transport, generation, delivery, and electricity consumption are enhanced in terms of protection and reliability. The existing power grid is suffering from many problems such as outages and unpredictable power disturbances, inflexible energy rates, unnoticeable customer fraud, and many other disadvantages. These problems lead to the ever-rising demand for fossil fuel and service costs. For example, the peak hour demand needs to be overestimated and more energy generated to minimize the risk of an outage. The main problem of the smart grid is the tremendous amount of data needs to be collected from the IoTs devices, and processing the data is a challenge. Using and predicting a large amount of data in smart Grid and IoTs is still in its infancy. To remedy this problem, we propose a hybrid solution by using the Cloud and Edge Computing to process the data. We define a hybrid solution where we use the edge computing for the smart grid information processing where the microgrids are located on the edge of the IoTs network and on the Cloud to be used for the power grid that distributes power to the microgrids. Additionally, we proposed a machine learning engine to establish the communication between the edge layer, failover between edges, and the Cloud layer.

Keywords: smart grid, edge computing, machine learning
Full Paper.pdf
Copyright © 2022 International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, All Rights Reserved