Fermentation of an oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium Paludigenum for biofuels production

Author(s): Pongsatorn Poopisut a, Chotika Gosalawit a , Mariena Ketudat-Cairnsa, Apichat Boontawana,b
a School of Biotechnology, Institute of Agricultural Technology
b Center of Excellent in Agricultural Product Innovation, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University avenue, Muang district, Nakhon Ratchasima, THAILAND 30000
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 9, no. 6, November 2020: pp. 1011-1018
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.9.6.1011-1018

Abstract: A third-generation biofuel production was investigated in a 500-L bioreator using an oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium paludigenum. This strain contains a high triglyceride content, and the main fatty acids are C14, C16 and C18 which are very similar to fatty acids found in vegetable oils. The yeast was cultured, harvested, and extracted the oil by using solvent extraction. After fermentation, a combined cross-flow microfiltration (MF) process of concentration and diafiltration mode was investigated for the recovery of yeast cell. The membrane fouling mechanism was investigated using cleaning method in order to evaluate the major factors causing in the flux decline. The flux of pure water was obtained at 80.05 L/m2.h corresponding to the membrane resistance of 3.1 × 1012 m-1. For MF of the whole broth, the flux sharply decreased and reached its plateau at around 10 L/m2.h until the end of experiment. Pure water was then added during diafiltration mode for the removal of all impurities. After cell harvesting, a chemical cleaning was applied in order to obtain the cake and adsorption resistances. After cleaning with pure water, the regained flux was obtained at 69.50 L/m2.h, and the regained flux after 1 wt% NaOH washing was 80.01 L/m2.h. As a result, the percentage of absorption resistance was 13.24%, and the percentage of cake was 86.76%, respectively. The yeast was dried by a spray dryer prior to extract the oil using diethyl ether as an organic solvent. After solvent removal, the lipid can be used as an appropriate raw material for biofuels production.

Keywords: oleaginous yeast, fermentation, microfiltration, oil extraction, biodiesel production
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