Biofuel application and design of small waterfall flame

Author(s): W L Chen, F L Chao, K T Lin
Department of Industrial Design, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, 436, Taiwan
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 8, no. 3, May 2019: pp. 299-306
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.8.3.299-306

Abstract: For any product design to comply with regulations, knowledge of both combustion physics and safety is essential. In this study, a metallic and meshed wick structure was designed using fluid principles to reflect the increased demand of biofuel to replace alcohol. Biofuel has a flash point of up to 104°C. The maximum temperature at the tip of a cord can reach 900°C, and the fuel burns completely. Complete combustion ensures that a tabletop lamp is safe for use. Including a glass plate in the design facilitates the chimney effect. A firepot displays 3D waterfall flash. A CAE tool was used to predict the flow pattern. Quadrilateral elements were used to model the device. Overheating of a flame lamp can be prevented by including a guiding channel and ventilation holes. Applying fluid mechanics principles, designers can include safety features from the early stage.

Keywords: Biofuel, product design, safety, waterfall flame
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