A multi-agent based micro-grid operation method considering charging and discharging strategies of electric vehicles

Author(s): Takeshi Nagata, Shogo Monde
Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima, Japan
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 8, no. 2, March 2019: pp. 149-155
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.8.2.149-155

Abstract: In this paper, we propose a multi-agent based micro-grid (MG) operation method considering charging and discharging electric vehicles (EVs). The proposed system consists of five types of agent: Micro Grid controller agent (MGC), Load agents (LAGs), Gas-turbines/engine agents (GAGs), Photovoltaic generation agents (PVAGs), and Electric Vehicle agents (EVAGs). In the proposed method, the load balancing can be realized by suppressing sudden fluctuations in supply and demand balance due to the synchronization of charging and discharging of EVs. From the simulation results, it can be seen the proposed multi-agent system could realize the load equalization in MG.

Keywords: Microgrids, electric vehicles, charge and discharge control, multi-agent, mixed integer programming
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