Biomass energy in Japan: Current status and future potential

Author(s):Nugroho Agung Pambudi a,b*, Kenshi Itaokaa, Andrew Chapmana, Nguyen Dinh Hoaa, Natsuki Yamakawaa
aInternational Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
bDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir Sutami 36A, Surakarta, 57126 Indonesia
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 6, no. 2, April 2017: pp. 119-126
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.6.2.119-126

Abstract:The Fukushima accident has pushed Japan to further develop its renewables initiative, particularly the biomass energy commodity. Their projection for the 2030 energy mix includes a biomass share of 4%. Further, a policy was introduced in 2002 called the Biomass Nippon Strategy. This was revised in 2006, fortifying the creation of Biomass Towns. Another major step forward came in 2009 with the Basic Act for the Promotion of Biomass Utilization. New goals were set with the introduction of the Basic Energy Plan. To meet the target, an agenda for the supply of domestic and imported biomass is needed. Domestic supply, such as wood pellets and agricultural residue has a small future potential. However for import scemes including wood and Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) from Indonesia and Malaysia are currently in place. There are also several future potential sources of biomass as yet untapped. In the future, the supply of biomass energy commodity could be increased to meet the target of 4% of the energy mix including comoddities such as biodiesel from sunflower, Jatropha Curcas as well as EFB (Empty fruit bunch), Sugarcane, Bagasse, Algae, Cotton seed, Coconut oil, Coconut Shell.

Keywords:Biomass; energy; status; future; potential; policy

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