System development and performance test of 5 kW wind turbine

Author(s):Sugiyatnoa, Imam Djunaedia, Haifa Wahyub
Research Centre for Electric Power and Mechatronics - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Kompleks LIPI, Jln. Sangkuriang 21/154D, Bandung 40135 - Indonesia
Research Centre for Physics - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Kompleks LIPI, Jln. Sangkuriang 21/154D, Bandung 40135 -Indonesia
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 5, no. 4, October 2016: pp. 264-271
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.5.4.264-271

Abstract: The paper presents development and performance of 5 kW wind turbine that already installed as one of renewable hybrid system in Tenjolaya village – sub district Malingping, Lebak – Banten Province. The renewable hybrid system consists of 5 kW wind turbine, 1 kW photovoltaic panels, water electrolizer and 300 W fuel cell. Monitoring and telemetry systems for measuring the performance of renewable energy generating equipment and energy consumption can monitor and record the performance of wind turbine in the field test . Data collection was performed with a range of every two seconds once and has done since June 2009, but data in June 2009 there is still much less than perfect because the data acquisition system has not been calibrated, whilst in July 2009 the data acquisition has gone well. In the case of wind power plants with capacity 5 kW, the observations in July 2009 produce data of wind speed on thre ranges 2-6 m/s, and generally only slightly above that reached more than 7 m/s. Correlation between wind speed turbine with output voltage, for the local wind speed 2-7 m/s, will produce the output voltage between 150-350 V. The above monitoring data will be used as a consideration in formulating the control system that will be designed. A concern in designing the control system because the output voltage of wind turbine fluctuative and has a very high range, i.e. between 0-400 V. From the monitoring result shows that the average wind speeds can reach 6.5 m/sec, and will produce a voltage of 340 V. Electric power generated will be used to charge the batteries by using a voltage of 130 -140 Vac (12 pieces serial batteries installed), so that the output voltage of the WT should be stabilized at a voltage of 130 - 140Vac. By installing the control system on WT output voltage can be obtained stable at 130-140Vac.

Keywords: Blade, energy, engineering, hybrid, Malingping, performance, rotor, solar, turbine, wind

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