Optimum energy consumption by using kinetic shading system for residential buildings in hot arid areas

Author(s):Mostafa M. S. Ahmeda, Ali K. Abdel-Rahmanb, Mahmoud Badyc, Essam K. Mahrousd, M. Suzukie
a PhD student at Energy Resources Engineering, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt.
b Chairperson of Department of Energy Recourses Engineering at Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology
c Assistant Professor at Energy Resources Engineering, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt.
d Head of the Department of Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Alexandria, Egypt.
e Vice president of Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt.
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 5, no. 2, April 2016: pp. 121-128
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.5.2.121-128

Abstract:In the last decades, development of innovative solutions is considered as a prominent issue for achieving sustainability within the built environment. Facades are crucial to energy consumption and comfort within buildings. Incorporating intelligence in their design is an effective way to minimize energy consumption buildings. The ability of specific facade systems to work reliably and effectively is one of the challenges toward sustainable buildings environment. One of the most important methods of saving energy in a building is by carefully designing its facade. A ‘kinetic facade’ can be considered as an optimally one of the best options in managing the interaction between the outdoors and the internal spaces. It also provides some architectural flexibility to the design. Kinetic Façade building is one of the available energy conservation opportunities through recent intelligent buildings. This paper reports the results of using a new intelligent kinetic shading system to investigate how it can improve the internal conditions and decrease the energy consumption within residential building in hot arid areas. Finally, the results of the case study show that monthly adaptation of kinetic shading facade system can lead to improved and decreased the internal temperature of the building about 4-5 degree Celsius and 18-20% energy savings compared to the normal building without shading system.

Keywords:Kinetic facade, energy saving, automated control, residential building

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