Analytical hierarchy process based flexibility measurement tool to integrate concentrated photovoltaic in smart grid

Author(s): Ahmed A. Shetayaa,b, Rasha El-Azaba,b, Amr M. Amina,b
aDepartment of Electrical Power Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University, Cairo, 11792, Egypt
bAcademy of Scientific Research and Technology, Al-Kasr El-Aynay, Cairo, 11516, Egypt
International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, vol. 4, no. 3, July 2015: pp. 233-240
ISSN: 2315-4462 (Print)
ISSN: 2373-3594 (Online)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.12720/sgce.4.3.233-240

Abstract: Sustainable Energy Sources have many challenges that significantly depend on the specific features of each renewable variable type as wind, Photovoltaic (PV), Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV). These new generation technologies have many complications that linked with power system integration as variability and uncertainty environment. This paper introduces a new process based on Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to aid the integrating of CPV in Smart Grids. New smart power systems behavior is affected by the new composite CPV generation and loads that have uncertain and variable nature. The recommended technique measures current grid flexibility index, and checks its capability to operate grid securely based on Smart Grid wide area measurements. It also determines the desired storage that must be added to enhance the system flexibility for real time dispatching.

Keywords: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Concentrated Photovoltaic (CPV), Energy Storage Systems (ESS), power system flexibility, smart grid.

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